The most comprehensive study into the long-term effects of international child abduction found more than 70 per cent of the children involved reported suffering significant effects on their mental health.
British researcher and family law specialist Dr Marilyn Freeman conducted the study which was released last year.
She found children who had been abducted spoke repeatedly about their confusion, feelings of shame, self-hate, loneliness and insecurity.
The study concluded more must be done to protect children from parental abduction and its effects.
Parental abductions: 70 per cent of children suffer significant mental health effects, report finds by Tracy Bowden and Jodie Noyce (ABC.NET.AU, 23 May 2016)