There is not a large amount of published research on psychological impact on children as victims of a parental kidnapping. I would encourage Kelly Rutherford and her boyfriend Tony Brand and even Rutherford’s legal team to read this U.S. Department of Justice Publication The Crime of Family Abduction, A Child’s and Parent’s Perspective with a message by Attorney General Eric H. Holder, Jr.
“Family abduction is the most prevalent form of child abduction in
the United States. Regardless of the abductor’s motive, it is an illegal
act that has lasting consequences for the abducted child, the custodial
parent, and the abducting family member. It is a crime in all 50 states
and in the District of Columbia.”
– Eric H. Holder, Jr.